Public policy

Making rabies prevention a higher priority 

"the largest hurdle to the elimination of dog and human rabies lies in the lack of political priority and will"

Professor Louis Nel

Partners in Rabies Prevention

Stepwise Approach to Rabies Elimination


Health Economics

PRP - Partners in Rabies Prevention

The PRP is a GARC initiative. It is a group of all the major international agencies involved in rabies prevention.

It gives them a platform for knowledge sharing and a channel to issue prevention messages with a united voice.

A major achievement of the PRP is the Blueprint for Rabies Prevention

SARE - Stepwise Approach to Rabies Elimination

The Stepwise Approach towards Rabies Elimination (SARE) has been developed by FAO and GARC as a template countries may use to develop activities and measure progress towards a national programme and strategy for sustainable rabies prevention, control and eventually elimination.

This tool focuses on the prevention of dog-transmitted human rabies and has been developed in a consultative process.

SARE serves as self-assessment and a practical guide in developing a national rabies programme and to successfully implement the different described stages. It is intended to complement (not replace) existing regional or national rabies control strategies. 

SARE is composed of six stages, ranging from ‘Stage 0’, where no information on rabies is available (in a suspected rabies-endemic area), to ‘Stage 5’, where valid and timely data confirm the elimination of dog-transmitted rabies.

Each stage is characterized by a set of objectives and 'keys' to be reached and builds on the previous successes achieved. (Keys are verifiable milestones necessary to move from one stage to the next stage.)

SARE also provides guidance on institutional responsibilities concerning each activity, who might carry out the work and highlights lines of communication, a chain of command, and periodical evaluation.

The tool will continue to be improved over time through feedback by participating regions and countries, and as relevant documentation of these efforts become available.

Should you be interested in the detailed description of the tool please contact us


The current best estimate is that 55,000 people die from rabies every year.

But in many places, there is no requirement to notify authorities when somebody dies of rabies and it may be that the actual number is much higher.

Until we know that each and every rabies death is recorded, we won’t know the full extent of the problem – or appreciate the full value of preventing rabies.

So, we campaign for governments to take this small step: make rabies a notifiable disease.

Let’s begin to count the true cost of rabies. Donate. Protect.

Health Economics

How much does it cost to vaccinate a dog against rabies?

How much does it cost to save one person from dying of rabies?

We can look at these questions in two ways:

  • What are the costs of delivery? - given there are full public health and veterinary systems working behind the scenes;
  • and, what are the costs of non-delivery? There is some evidence that saving lives also saves money for the public purse.

Supported by the Gates Foundation, GARC is working on a study to understand the costs and benefits of rabies prevention.