The Global Alliance for Rabies Control Data Logger (GDL) is a lightweight, user-friendly, cost-effective and portable data- capturing device custom-developed to support rabies control programs. The GDL was primarily designed for use in the field by animal rabies vaccinators, so vaccinators can quickly and easily record data relevant to each vaccination event. It can also be customised to collect other rabies-related local level data (e.g. post-vaccination surveys) as well as other purposes (including for other diseases).
The SARE is important for several reasons. Firstly, the SARE helps to assess the current rabies situation and the progress of any rabies control programs currently being implemented in your country. This helps to identify shortcomings and highlight successes that you have achieved.
In addition, the SARE helps to align your country’s Rabies Elimination Programme with the Global Strategic Plan (GSP). This also helps to create a standardised (yet customised for every country) approach that facilitates the development of regional strategic plans for rabies elimination.
An animal with rabies may stagger or stumble and display unprovoked aggressive behavior or be over-friendly. Animals with advanced rabies may also foam at the mouth. This is because the rabies virus affects the salivary glands causing hyper-salivation. They may also develop hydrophobia (fear of water).
None of these symptoms are definitive signs that an animal has rabies, and rabid animals may or may not exhibit these signs.
If an animal shows any of these signs, you should contain it to prevent possible exposure either to you, your family, or another animal, and contact your veterinarian or animal health department.
To confirm an infection, the animal must be euthanized and a brain tissue sample must be tested for the presence of rabies in a reputable laboratory.
The rabies virus is transmitted through saliva or brain/nervous system tissue of an animal infected with rabies. The infectious material then needs to pass into the body, usually through a bite wound, open cuts in skin, or less commonly through mucous membranes such as the mouth or eyes.
A person can only get rabies by coming in contact with these specific excretions and tissues. Rabies virus becomes noninfectious when it dries out, for example, when infected saliva or other material is exposed to sunlight.
You have not been exposed to rabies if
• the animal doesn't have rabies itself – most dogs do not have rabies
• you have petted or handled an animal
• you have had contact with blood, urine or feces
In extremely rare cases, humans have been infected because they inhaled aerosoled saliva that contained the virus (e.g., in caves with very large bat populations) and through organ transplants from donors with rabies infections.
If you been bitten or scratched by an animal that is unknown to you and/or that appears unwell, you may have been exposed to rabies.
Please take any potential exposure seriously. Thoroughly wash the wound with soap and water and seek urgent medical attention.
Rabies is a viral disease that is transmitted through the saliva or nervous system tissues of an infected mammal to another mammal. The rabies virus infects the central nervous system and causes severely distressing neurological symptoms, disease in the brain, and, ultimately, death.
Rabies is a zoonotic disease, which means that it can pass from other animals to humans. Rabies is the deadliest disease on earth with a 99.9% fatality rate.
The GDL has 7 buttons – 6 buttons for “user options” and 1 to confirm the final selected combination of buttons. The 6 buttons relating to “user options” are broken down into 3 questions, each with 2 options. When using the GDL
with its default settings (i.e. animal vaccination campaign), the user will capture the following information (Species of animal – either dog or cat; Sex – either male or female; and Age – either adult or juvenile). The seventh button is then used to confirm the selected options. After confirming, the device will record each option selected, as well as the time, date and satellite triangulated GPS coordinates for that record. For instance, an output can be “Dog, Female, Adult, Date, Time, GPS coordinates”. All of this information is collected by simply pressing 4 buttons.
Yes. The SARE has been designed to help make a clear and well thought out National Strategic Plan (NSP) as easy as possible. It helps identify activities that need to be included into the NSP so that you can achieve dog rabies elimination.
In addition, the SARE assists with the development of a workplan that outlines how you plan on implementing the NSP.
Vaccinate pets according to the recommended schedule, and take your pet to the veterinarian for a booster should they get bitten by a potentially rabid animal. Additionally, spay or neuter your pet to reduce the number of potential strays that are not vaccinated against rabies. Keeping your pet on a leash when outdoors prevents inadvertent exposure to a rabid wild animal.
Most puppies that bite are exploring the world using their mouths and will interact with people in a playful way, which includes nipping and biting, and do not have rabies. However, all bites from unvaccinated animals living in regions where rabies is endemic should be investigated by a medical expert.
If the puppy has been restricted indoors, walked only on a leash outdoors, and the owner is confident that the puppy has not interacted with any wildlife or other dogs, then it is extremely unlikely that the puppy is infected with the rabies virus. A person bitten by an unvaccinated puppy that has been roaming outdoors or exposed to other animals may be at risk for the rabies virus and should seek medical advice. Even puppies that have been contained in a fenced-in backyard, may still have been exposed to high risk wildlife such as skunks, coyotes, fox, raccoons and bats, and a bite from an unvaccinated puppy is a considered a risk for contracting the disease if the puppy has not been in a restricted environment.